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Skin discoloration can add years to your visage, even if you have smooth, lineless skin courtesy of at-home skincare and professional intervention such as BOTOX and fillers. With summer in full swing, extra sun exposure can make dark spots worse, despite your most diligent sun protection efforts.
If summer has you seeing spots in the form of freckles, lentigines, melasma or other dark patches, fret not because there are a variety of ways to brighten your overall complexion both at home and in the doctor’s office. Over-the-counter and non-prescription dark spot brighteners may include kojic acid, glycolic acid, retinol, licorice extract, vitamin C, arbutin, mulberry, soy and polyphenols.
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When it comes to skincare, most dermatologists will agree there are three essentials for healthy skin: Sunscreen, antioxidants, and a retinol (or retinoid). Opinions begin to vary once you step beyond this protective and corrective trifecta—and growth factors are often part of the anti-aging ingredient conversation.
Simply put, growth factors are naturally occurring proteins that promote cellular growth, proliferation and healing. In terms of benefits for your skin, growth factors can help improve fine lines and wrinkles, enhance skin firmness, fade the appearance of scars and more. While that’s easy enough to understand, growth factors are biologically active, which makes formulating
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Just when you thought you had all of your skin’s bases covered by shielding it against the damaging UV rays and free radicals generated by the sun, there’s another environmental factor that could be leading to premature aging, irritation and other less-than-desirable side effects: Pollution.
From car exhaust and toxic chemicals to ozone and super-fine particles suspended in the air, research has begun to shed light on the damaging effects the indoor and outdoor worlds around us can have on our skin (especially if you live in an urban environment). The skin’s barrier seems to bear the biggest brunt from exposure to pollution, which can, in turn, lead to dehydration and increased sens
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What did we do before vitamin C? For starters, we got scurvy (but that was a long time ago). As far as our skin is concerned, research began to shed light on the beneficial effects of this antioxidant back in the late 90s, and advances in technology have helped optimize potency, absorption and its visible anti-aging effects. Known to stimulate collagen production and brighten the complexion, liquid-based serums were the only way to give your skin its daily dose before SkinCeuticals introduced their groundbreaking Phloretin CF Gel in 2011. But today, these alternative vitamin C formulations are having their moment in the limelight.
Vitabrid C12 FACE Brightening Powder ($60)